This time on Candid Animal Cam, meet the common warthog …

About common warthogs:

  • The scientific name for the common warthog is Phacochoerus africanus
  • Warthogs are part of the pig family.
  • Their name comes from their facial warts, that can grow as long as 6 inches (15 cm).
  • Common warthogs have two pairs of tusks that curve upwards.
  • Warthogs live in grasslands, savannas, and woodlands in sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Warthogs are omnivores. An omnivore is an animal that eats both plants and food from animals (such as insects, other animal meat, or eggs).
  • Warthogs eat mostly plants, including grasses, roots, and seeds. They sometimes eat worms, insects, and occasionally meat from dead animals.
  • Predators of the common warthog include lions, leopards, cheetahs, crocodiles, wild dogs, and hyenas.
  • Warthogs are fast! They can run up to 30 miles per hour (48 km/h).
  • A group of warthogs is called a sounder.

Comprehension questions:

  1. Why are warthogs sensitive to changes in temperature? How do they cool down when it is hot? How do they stay warm when it is cold?
  2. How do warthogs escape predators? How do they defend themselves?
  3. Why do warthogs sometimes have oxpecker birds on their backs?
  4. What other facts did you learn from the video that are not listed in the About common warthogs section above?

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Romi thanks:

Dr. Meredith Palmer and Dr. Justine Becker for sharing their footage with us, and Erin Phillips for providing the audio clip about warthog behavior.