Endemic species:

Plants or animals that occur (are found) only in a restricted location (an area with limited geographic boundaries). Watch this video to learn more!

Examples of endemic species featured in the video:

  • Blue-billed curassow, found only in Colombia
  • Caquetá titi monkey, found only in Colombia
  • Patagonia frog, found only in Southern Argentina
  • Rhinoceros iguana, found only in the Dominican Republic

Key points!

  • A megadiverse country has a high number of endemic species.
  • Endemic species are very important to the ecosystems in which they live.
  • Endemic species are like environmental thermometers – they indicate the health of the environment in which they occur.
  • Endemic species are extremely vulnerable because they are only found in specific areas.