The Komodo dragon is the largest living lizard, but do you know what the smallest lizard species is?


A team of Madagascan and German herpetologists may have just described the smallest known lizard species, a chameleon named Brookesia nana.  Brookesia nana is endemic (found only in) a small patch of forest in northern Madagascar.  It is only about the size of an aspirin tablet!


A male Brookesia nana. Image courtesy of Frank Glaw.


A female Brookesia nana. Image courtesy of Frank Glaw.


Map of northern Madagascar, showing the distribution of species of the subgenus Evoluticauda (known as Brookesia minima group). Image published by Glaw and his colleagues in a recent paper in Scientific Reports.


For more information, visit


Glaw, F., Köhler, J., Hawlitschek, O., Ratsoavina, F. M., Rakotoarison, A., Scherz, M. D., & Vences, M. (2021). Extreme miniaturization of a new amniote vertebrate and insights into the evolution of genital size in chameleons. Scientific Reports, 11(1),2522. doi:10.1038/s41598-020-80955-1