AMAZON TOUR: Amazon Rainforest Slideshow
40+ pictures and maps from the Amazon rainforest
The Amazon rainforest is located in South America. It is named after the Amazon River, which is the largest river in the world.
The Amazon rainforest includes parts of 8 countries: Brazil, Bolivia, Peru, Ecuador, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, and Suriname, as well as French Guiana, which is a department of France.
The Amazon is the world's largest rainforest. More than half the Amazon rainforest is located in Brazil.
The Amazon rainforest is believed to contain more species than any other ecosystem in the world. As much as a third of the planet's land-based species are thought to live in the Amazon region.
Shaman, or traditional medicine-men, use plants to heal people. But shaman are disappearing as the Amazon rainforest is cut down.
Trees and other plants in the Amazon absorb carbon dioxide as they grow, helping fight climate change.
The Amazon creates large amounts of rainfall, which provides water for agriculture and electrity generation.
The main reason for deforestation is agriculture. People cut down the Amazon rainforest to raise cattle and plant crops like soybeans.
Fire is a big problem in the Amazon, too. Usually fires are set by people who want to clear rainforest for farms and ranches.
Warmer ocean temperatures in the Atlantic can cause bad droughts in the Amazon, which make fires much worse.
In 2005 and 2010, the Amazon rainforest had the worst drought ever recorded. Giant rivers dried up and millions of acres of forest burned.
The government is also using satellites to monitor the Amazon. This has improved enforcement of environmental laws and people who deforest have been punished.
At the same time countries like Norway, Germany, Britain, France, and the United States are trying to help by providing money and technology to reduce deforestation.