Bolivian national park a biodiversity hotspot

by | 1st October 2012

Article by Darren Lloyd

A parrot snake (Leptophis ahaetulla), one of at least 50 species of snake in Madidi National Park. Photo Credit: Mileniusz Spanowicz/WCS.

Located in northwest Bolivia, Madidi National Park covers 19,000 square kilometres and is believed to be the most bio-diverse place in the world.

  • The park contains over 90 species of bat, 50 species of snake, 300 fish and 12,000 plants.
  • Decades of research have also found 1,088 species of birds, amounting to 11 percent of all species worldwide.
  • 200 mammal species including six cats are also found in the park.
  • The park is so high in biodiversity because of the various habitats it contains. A large altitudinal (land height) range means that many different habitats exist and as a result, many different species are there to exploit them.
  • A lot of the park hasn’t even been surveyed yet, such as its cloud and montane forests which usually contain lots of species, so lots of discoveries are yet to be made.

A young harpy eagle (Harpia harpyja), considered Near Threatened by the IUCN Red List. These massive raptors prey on monkeys. Photo by: Mileniusz Spanowicz/WCS.

The king of the Amazon: a male jaguar (Panthera onca) in Madidi, considered Near Threatened. Photo by: Mileniusz Spanowicz/WCS.

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