The Biggest Elephant

Photo by Tiffany Roufs / mongabay.com

The Biggest Elephant: African Bush Elephant (Loxodonta africana)

Listed as Vulnerable with an increasing trend due to conservation efforts, some populations of African bush elephants are thriving. They can weigh up to 5.5 metric tons (12,130 pounds), and use their large ears to fan themselves, so as not to overheat in the hot African savannah. Bush elephants are herbivorous (only eat plants), with their diet varying depending on season and migration pattern. Females live in herds, lead by a matriarch (the oldest, or most experienced female). The males leave the herd once they become adults and live alone. Elephants have complex touches, smells, and sounds that they use to communicate with each other. Poaching for ivory is a main threat for these giant mammals.

Mammal / Elephant/Mastadon


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